Here We all have an idea C and C++ are programing language its use for making application development .and C is a first language we prefer to learn when we decide to make our future bright in Development for software and apps. Now the Things come here what is different between C and C++ so before knowing the difference we must have to get know about .what is the C language and What is the C++?
What is C Programing Language?
My favorite main feature of C language
1.C have a limited number of Keywords .in that keyword have control primitives like if, for, while, switch, etc
2 C language contains logical and mathematical operators also have bit manipulators
What is the C++ language?
C++ is a cross-platform language that can be used to create high-performance applications.it was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup, as an extension to the C language. C++ language gives you a high level of control over system resources and memory. This language was updated 3 major times in 2011, 2014, and 2017 to C++11, C++14, and C++17.
My favorite feature of C++
- Bottom-up approach
- Speed is faster.
- Rich library support in the form of the standard template library.
- Supports Pointers & References.
Let’s Understand the common things in C or C++
- Both languages have a similar syntax.
- The basic memory model of both is very close to the hardware.
- The code structure of both languages is the same.
- The compilation of both languages is similar.
- They share the same basic syntax. Nearly all of C’s operators and keywords are also present in C++ and do the same thing.
- C++ has a slightly extended grammar than C, but the basic grammar is the same.
- The same notions of stack, heap, file-scope, and static variables are present in both the languages.
The following are the important differences between C and C++.
|1||Introduction||C was developed by Dennis Ritchie in around 1969 at AT&T Bell Labs.||C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979.|
|2||Language Type||As mentioned before C is procedural programming.||On the other hand, C++ supports both procedural and object-oriented programming paradigms.|
|3||OOPs feature Support||As C does not support the OOPs concept so it has no support for polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance.||C++ has support for polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance as it is being an object-oriented programming language|
|4||Data Security||As C does not support encapsulation so data behave as a free entity and can be manipulated by outside code.||On another hand in the case of C++ encapsulation hides the data to ensure that data structures and operators are used as intended.|
|5||Driven type||C in general known as function-driven language.||On the other hand, C++ is known as object driven language.|
|6||Feature supported||C does not support function and operator overloading also do not have namespace feature and reference variable functionality.||On the other hand, C++ supports both function and operator overloading also have namespace feature and reference variable functionality.
|The header file used by C is stdio.h.||The header file used by C++ is iostream.h.|
|Reference variables are not supported by C.||Reference variables are supported by C++.|
|Virtual and friend functions are not supported by C.||Virtual and friend functions are supported by C++.|
|C does not support inheritance.||C++ supports inheritance.|
|Direct support for exception handling is not supported by C.||Exception handling is supported by C++.|
|scanf() and printf() functions are used for input/output in C.||cin and cout are used for input/output in C++.|
Why is C++ is better than C?
The C programming language follows a procedural style programming, which simply means that it doesn’t support the concept of classes and objects. C++, on the other hand, is a programming language that supports the notion of multi-paradigm.
Being a multi-paradigm programming language enables C++ to provide support for both procedural and object-oriented styles of programming. Despite being truly object-oriented, supporting procedural programming makes C++ much like a hybrid programming language.
Being object-oriented means that C++ enhances productivity as well as the organization of the code. Both qualities are essential when developing complex applications. The object-oriented nature of C++ makes is a top-choice for developing server-side software and fast applications.
C emphasizes the steps or procedures followed for solving a particular problem. C++, on the other hand, primarily stresses upon objects. This is because it has a higher level of abstraction than the C programming language.
JazzTrend Hope and Belive this article helps you to understand the differences between C and C++. If you are planning to learn c and c++ I will tell you to start with C and make an informed decision. If you have any questions then please share it in the comments section below. and share this article with your loved ones make them learn to code for better future
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